Re-thinking the Flush Toilet

“It’s time for humanity to rethink the traditional water-flush toilet. This is fairly obvious to anyone who has worked in the development sector and it’s becoming painfully obvious in places that have spent decades taking the flush toilet for granted.

In 2017, the UN reported that almost six in 10 people lack access to safely managed sanitation and that 80 percent of wastewater is being dumped untreated. While water rationing currently impacts places like California and the Eternal City, by 2025, 66 percent of the world’s population will be living under water scarcity. Rising sea levels and changing weather have caused increasing urban floodsthat lead to cholera outbreaks and bathe whole neighbourhoods in faecal coliforms, right here in England. But despite the universality of the problem, a double standard afflicts the sanitation world.”  Read the full Next Billion article

Insights into Open Defecation in India

Recent research offers insights into the impact of caste on open defecation, stunting, and high infant mortality rates in India. Concerns about pit emptying seem to be a the route of resistance to toilets – who will do the emptying? Traditionally a job of the Dalit caste, others don’t want to do it, and former Dalit caste members don’t either – they are looking forward. Read More…